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A comparative study of one-year weight gain among users of medroxyprogesterone acetate, levonorgestrel implants, and oral contraceptives

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      Abstract

      With the recent introduction and growing popularity of Depo-Provera® Contraceptive Injection, concern about the potential for weight gain during treatment has been raised. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not Depo-Provera® Contraceptive Injection is associated with greater weight gain, and incidence thereof, than Norplant® implants or oral contraceptives. A retrospective chart review of patients seen at a state- and federally-funded clinic was conducted. Fifty women in each treatment group who met the study criteria were identified and included in the study evaluation. Mean one-year weight gain for subjects in each group was as follows: −2.0 pounds in the oral contraceptive group, −1.8 pounds in the Norplant® implants group, and +0.1 pounds in the Depo-Provera® Contraceptive Injection group. While results among treatment groups differed slightly, no significant weight change occurred in any of the treatment groups.

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