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How do health care professionals respond to advice on adverse side effects of contraceptive methods? The case of Depo Provera��

  • Anna Glasier
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Family Planning & Well Woman Services, Edinburgh, EH4 1NL Scotland, UK. Tel.: +44 1313154874; fax: +44 1313322931.
    Affiliations
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, E816 4SB Scotland, UK

    Centre for Sexual and Reproductive Health Research, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, E816 4SB Scotland, UK
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  • Yan Yan
    Affiliations
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, E816 4SB Scotland, UK
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  • Kaye Wellings
    Affiliations
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, E816 4SB Scotland, UK
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      Abstract

      Context

      Depomedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) (Depo Provera��) is a long-acting contraceptive popular in the United Kingdom, particularly among young women. In the United States, use of DMPA has been instrumental in reducing teenage pregnancy rates. Evidence for a detrimental effect of DMPA on bone mineral density led to advice from drug regulatory authorities in the United Kingdom and the United States, recommending caution in prescribing DMPA, particularly for young people.

      Objective

      The study was conducted to explore changes in practice in response to prescribing advice about DMPA among primary care doctors and nurses working in the UK.

      Methods

      A self-completed questionnaire sent to 420 primary care health professionals.

      Results

      In response to the advice, 16% of practitioners would deter all women, and one third would deter young women, from using DMPA.One in five practitioners would limit use of DMPA to 2 years. Fewer than one in 10 would suggest contraceptive implants as an alternative contraceptive.

      Conclusions

      The response of primary care professionals in their prescribing advice about DMPA risks increasing rates of unintended pregnancy in the UK, particularly among teenagers. The findings demonstrate an urgent need for a clear, balanced approach to advising health professionals on how to respond to new findings about adverse effects of contraceptives.

      Keywords

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