Original research article| Volume 82, ISSUE 3, P230-235, September 2010

Download started.


Contraceptive sterilization use among married men in the United States: results from the male sample of the National Survey of Family Growth



      Surgical sterilization has many advantages. Previous information on prevalence and correlates was based on surveys of women.

      Study Design

      We estimated the prevalence of vasectomy and tubal ligation of partners for male participants in the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, a nationally representative survey of US residents aged 15���44 years. We identified factors associated with sterilizations using bivariate and multivariate techniques.


      The findings revealed that 13.3% of married men reported having had a vasectomy and 13.8% reported tubal sterilization in their partners. Vasectomy increased with older age and greater number of biological children, non-Hispanic white ethnicity, having ever gone to a family planning clinic. Tubal sterilization use was more likely among men who had not attended college, those of older age and those with live births.


      One in eight married men reported having vasectomies. Men who rely on vasectomies have a somewhat different profile than those whose partners have had tubal sterilizations.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Contraception
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Chandra A.
        • Martinez G.M.
        • Mosher W.D.
        • Abma J.C.
        • Jones J.
        Fertility, family planning, and reproductive health of U.S. women: data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth. National Center for Health Statistics.
        Vital Health Stat. 2005; 23: 1-161
        • Bartz D.
        • Greenberg J.A.
        Sterilization in the United States.
        Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2008; 1: 23-32
        • Trussell J.
        • Lalla A.M.
        • Doan Q.V.
        • Reyes E.
        • Pinto L.
        • Gricar J.
        Cost-effectiveness of contraceptives in the United States.
        Contraception. 2009; 79: 4-14
        • Mosher W.D.
        • Chandra A.
        • Jones J.
        Sexual behavior and selected health measures: men and women 15���44 years of age, United States, 2002.
        Adv Data. 2005; : 1-55
        • Martinez G.M.
        • Chandra A.
        • Abma J.C.
        • Jones J.
        • Mosher W.D.
        Fertility, contraception, and fatherhood: data on men and women from Cycle 6 (2002) of the National Survey of Family Growth.
        Vital Health Stat. 2006; 23: 1-142
        • Groves R.M.
        • Benson G.
        • Mosher W.D.
        • et al.
        Plan and operation of Cycle 6 of the National Survey of Family Growth. National Center for Health Statistics.
        Vital Health Stat. 2005; 1
        • Barone M.A.
        • Hutchinson P.L.
        • Johnson C.H.
        • Hsia J.
        • Wheeler J.
        Vasectomy in the United States, 2002.
        J Urol. 2007; 176: 232-236
        • Kalmuss D.
        • Tatum C.
        Patterns of men's use of sexual and reproductive health services.
        Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2007; 39: 74-81
        • Frost J.J.
        • Singh S.
        • Finer L.
        Factors associated with contraceptive use and nonuse, United States, 2004.
        Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2007; 39: 90-99
        • Borrero S.
        • Schwarz E.B.
        • Reeves M.F.
        • Bost J.E.
        • Creinin M.D.
        • Ibrahim S.A.
        Race, insurance status and tubal sterilization.
        Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 109: 94-100
        • Eisenberg M.L.
        • Henderson J.T.
        • Amory J.K.
        • Smith J.F.
        • Walsh T.J.
        Racial differences in vasectomy utilization in the United States: data from the National Survey of Family Growth.
        Urology. 2009; 75: 1020-1024
      1. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Contraceptive Use, 2007 (Wall Chart), Available at: Accessed March 23, 2009.

        • Pile J.M.
        • Barone M.A.
        Demographics of vasectomy���USA and international.
        Urol Clin North Am. 2009; 36: 295-305
        • Rowlands S.
        • Hannaford P.
        The incidence of sterilisation in the UK.
        BJOG. 2003; 11: 819-824
        • Sneyd M.J.
        • Cox B.
        • Paul C.
        • Skegg D.C.G.
        High prevalence of vasectomy in New Zealand.
        Contraception. 2001; 64: 155-159