Current clinical guidance is unanimous in its recommendation that pregnancy should be ruled out prior to initiation of hormonal contraception and intrauterine devices (IUDs) [
- World Health Organization
Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use.
2nd ed. World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland)2008
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
U.S. selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, 2013.
Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013; 62 ([http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr62e0614.pdf]): 1-60
3]. As a result, screening for possible pregnancy constitutes a substantial part of the workload of family planning providers. The rationale for excluding pregnancy is simple: to avoid providing unnecessary contraception and, in the case of the IUD (including hormonal IUDs), to avoid possible harm to the pregnant woman or her fetus.
- World Health Organization/Department of Reproductive Health and Research (WHO/RHR)
- Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH)
- Center for Communication Programs (CCP)
Family planning: a global handbook for providers.
CCP, Baltimore (MD)2007
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Published online: November 22, 2016
Accepted: November 16, 2016
Received in revised form: November 9, 2016
Received: June 7, 2016
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.