Timely access to contraception is vitally important after childbirth. One third of US pregnancies are conceived less than 18 months after a prior birth [
]. These short-interval pregnancies are often unintended and are associated with increased risk of adverse maternal and child health outcomes [
- US Department of Health and Human Services
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- Healthy people 2020.(Available at:)[Accessed on 8/21/16])
- Effects of birth spacing on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health: a systematic review of causal mechanisms.Stud Fam Plann. 2012; 43: 93-114
- Birth spacing and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes: a meta-analysis.JAMA. 2006; 295: 1809-1823
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- Effect of the interval between pregnancies on perinatal outcomes among white and black women.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001; 185: 1403-1410
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- Contraception after delivery and short interpregnancy intervals among women in the United States.Obstet Gynecol. 2015; 125: 1471-1477
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Published online: November 29, 2016
Accepted: November 22, 2016
Received in revised form: November 11, 2016
Received: June 21, 2016
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.