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☆Funding: Funding for this research was provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. , a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA.
☆☆Conflicts of interest: Michelle C. Fox, Hans Rekers and Lisa Schwartz are employees of Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA, and may hold stock/stock options in the company which is the Marketing Authorization Holder of the etonogestrel contraceptive implant. Joe Iwanaga has received a stipend for completing the cadaver dissections. R. Shane Tubbs has received reimbursement for supplies and travel as well as honoraria.
★Disclosures: Joe Iwanaga, Michelle C. Fox, Hans Rekers, Lisa Schwartz and R. Shane Tubbs are responsible for the work described in this paper. All authors were involved in at least one of the following: conception, design, acquisition, analysis, statistical analysis, and interpretation of data, in addition to drafting the manuscript and/or revising/reviewing the manuscript for important intellectual content. All authors provided final approval of the version to be published and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.