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Serum human chorionic gonadotropin decline following aspiration abortion in early pregnancy less than 42 days gestation

      Abstract

      Objective

      To define serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) decline following complete aspiration abortion.

      Study Design

      We performed a secondary analysis of 86 patients who underwent uncomplicated aspiration abortion for ultrasound-confirmed pregnancy ≤42 days gestation and had serum hCG at the time of aspiration and within 3 days postprocedure.

      Results

      Median hCG declines were 72.9% by day 1 (n = 14), 87.6% by day 2 (n = 50), and 92.8% by day 3 (n = 22). Ninetieth percentile declines were 67.8%, 81.5%, and 90.8%. Minimum hCG declines were 56.2%, 77.3%, and 83.2%. Trends did not vary by gestational age or by initial hCG <3000 mIU/mL.

      Conclusion

      Postprocedure hCG trend varies over the first few days in early gestation. At ≤42 days gestation, serial hCG decline at 1 day after completed aspiration abortion is greater than 50%, consistent with the decline observed in medication abortion.

      Implications

      This study confirms previously estimated human chorionic gonadotropin decline after aspiration abortion of at least 50% at 24 hours for completed procedure in very early gestations. Minimum declines on days 2 and 3 are approximately 70% and 80%.

      Keywords

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